REPORT: USAF – RF/Microwave Radiation Biological Effects (1994)

Posted: September 6, 2014
Telecom tower

In 1994, the US Air Force published a 32-page report titled: “Radiofrequency/Microwave Radiation Biological Effects and Safety Standards: A Review,” authored by Scott M. Bolen. The supervising agency was Rome Laboratory at Griffiss Air Force Base in New York. 

Read and download the complete 32-page report here: USAF Report 1994 Biological-Effects .

To this day, many if not most governmental agencies and scientists in North America and abroad maintain the position that RF and microwave radiation are only damaging to the human body at power densities high enough to cause a heating effect (a so-called “thermal effect”), like a microwave oven. The position, while completely unsupported by fact, is very convenient for the multi-billion-dollar telecommunications industry (cell phones, WiFi) as well as the military’s own use of these same technologies—technologies whose radiation is, for the most part nonthermal, in nature. 

In fact, the serious bio-toxic consequences of nonthermal RF and microwave radiation have been know for decades by our governments and the military. This 1994 USAF report states on page 2, under the heading of Biological Effects: 

“Nonthermal responses can be less noticeable and are often more difficult to explain than thermal effects. These responses are related to the disturbances in the tissue not caused by heating. Electromagnetic fields can interact with the bioelectric functions of the irradiated human tissue. Research conducted in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe suggests that the human body may be more sensitive to the nonthermal effects of RF/MW radiation.”

And from page 18 of the report:

“Nonthermal disruptions have been observed to occur at power densities that are much lower than are necessary to induce thermal effects. Soviet researchers have attributed alterations in the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system to the nonthermal effect of low level RF/MW radiation exposure.”

And from the report’s Conclusion, also on page 18:

“Experimental evidence has shown that exposure to low intensity radiation can have a profound effect on biological processes. The nonthermal effects of RF/MW radiation exposure are becoming important measures of biological interaction with EM fields… Adherence to the ANSI Standard should provide protection against harmful thermal effects and help to minimize the interaction of EM fields with the biological processes of the human body.”

In other words, this USAF report from 1994 all but states that the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Standard of the day was insufficient for protecting the public from the nonthermal effects of RF/MW radiation.

At the time this report was written, that Standard for exposure was set at 50,000 mW/m2 (5 mW/cm2 ) for for frequencies between 1,500 MHz to 100,000 MHz. Today, the maximum exposure limit set by the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) for RF radiation in the 850-2400 MHz range (smart meters and other wireless devices) is 10,000 mW/m2. However, that level is more than one million times higher than the exposure limits set out in the 2012 BioInitiative Report. The BioInitiative Report caps exposure to RF radiation at 0.006 mW/m.

The point being: the “safe” levels for RF/MW exposure that are laid out in this 1994 USAF report, as well as in current “safe” levels stipulated by North American governments (such as Canada’s Safety Code 6 and the FCC in the US) only address thermal effects of RF/MW radiation and have no bearing whatsoever on the far more serious nonthermal effects that unequivocally exist. The public is simply not being protected.

Kim Goldberg

18 thoughts on “REPORT: USAF – RF/Microwave Radiation Biological Effects (1994)

  1. Rita Scott

    The Oklahoma legislature has an EMR Interim Study coming up in October . The more we can produce documented reports , research, data such as this , the better. I plan to forward this to the state rep. To educate him as much as we can. We are up against one of the most powerful –Utility Companies. Who would you suggest here in the United States to fly in to speak on the harmful effects of smart meters?
    Email me

  2. Johanna Katz

    Dear Kim,
    I have enjoyed your stories and interviews very much; so thank you for your website and the effort to get this out among all of us. I have done lots of research and I have read all the books out there on EMFs, going back to the Russian studies, Paul Brodeur’s books and others, such as the Bioinitiative Report, German and French studies etc.
    In my following the breadcrumbs I ended up reading Dr. Mae Wan Ho’s books “the Rainbow and the Worm, and The living Rainbow, H2O” wherein she looks at water and it’s many different states, how it presents itself in the cell and a whole lot of different aspects. This is looking at the cell and human beings as Quantum beings, which changes the current interpretations of “normal” biology completely. According to her any EMFs besides the original EMFs that we evolved with are deleterious to all organisms that evolved with us on this planet.
    Then I visited the website of Jack Kruse ( and I found there a wealth of information that is based on this very same science. There are several series you can follow in his site and there is one, the one I started with “”. This particular one is an eye-opener in that all these energy waves created by the multitude of satellites, cell towers, cell phones, wifi, do not dissipate but are here forever, and they are interfering with our native Schumann Resonance without which we will go extinct.
    Other creatures even more sensitive than us such as bees, birds and bats are already doing so.
    This is the sixth extinction, and we are most of us oblivious to it as to why?
    I think Dr. Martin Blank when he says we can live with this technology when/if we modify it, is wrong, especially not if we consider all the creatures that share this earth with us.
    I am still having a difficult time dealing with this knowledge especially since I have three little monkeys (grandsons) that may not have a future such as I would like them to have.
    Thanks Johanna

    1. Kim Goldberg Post author

      Thanks for your detailed comment, Johanna. I agree with you and am glad to know about the authors and websites you cite. Will look into those. I too am not supportive of the line that we can live with this technology if we modify it. I think even the educational campaigns for safer use of cell phones send the wrong message. It’s like saying safer inhalation of asbestos. Martin Blank, however, could be an excellent highly credible expert witness for the situation cited by the commenter above in which they are battling smart meters. And that would be useful. But perhaps Rita (who posted the original comment) will check out these other experts you mention as well. 🙂

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  6. Rosie

    Hello Kim, the problem with all radiation is one of resonance. A cell is mostly water and has a resonant frequency. A bit like water in a glass, if any radiation equals that resonant frequency it causes the water to start shaking.

    Depending on the aggregate to which that cell belongs [the size of the ‘glass’] resonant frequencies can be different for different people and different organs.

    At high intensity [and close range] the destruction of cells is pretty quick, as is shown by the papers you have given links to. Researchers are then able to correlate destruction with sources of radiation.

    But even at low intensity, if the exposure is long enough to the same source, cells will still be destroyed. This is a much greater challenge for any researchers, as the damage may only surface years later.

    Thus this may be a problem which is much larger than it first appears, as there may be any number of frequencies that affect people.

    It may also be affecting animals and insects – bees for example – for the same reasons. Their cells shaken to pieces by resonance.

    There needs to be a much more concerted effort to research radiation frequencies and various cells and organs to discover the correlation frequencies.

    Meanwhile, we might all have to sit in a Faraday cage with our dogs, cats, beehives, fishponds and aviaries, waiting for results!!

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  8. Sonja Carl

    I am experiencing extremely high levels of radio frequency in my home. As I sit here my body temperature has risen to over 100 degrees and my skin is burning. I live at 16833 S. 22nd. St., Phoenix 85048. The frequency is debilitating. Please investigate.

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